A Longitudinal Examination of the Reciprocal Relationship between Goal Orientation and Performance: The Mediating Role of Self-efficacy


讲座时间:2019年11月29日  14:00 - 15:30


讲座嘉宾Melody Manchi Chao


Although goal orientation can be conceptualized as both a trait and a state, existing studies tend to examine it as a relatively stable antecedent of performance. A six-wave longitudinal design spanning three years was used to examine the reciprocal relationship between goal orientation and performance, with self-efficacy as a mediator. Four goal orientation dimensions were considered: learning approach, learning avoidance, performance approach and performance avoidance. Positive relationships were found between all of the four dimensions of goal orientation and future performance. Importantly, significant reciprocal relationships between performance and subsequent goal orientation were also demonstrated. Specifically, the relationships from previous performance to goal orientation are generally stronger and more persistent than those from previous goal orientation to performance. Most of the relationships were found to be mediated by self-efficacy. Given that the existing literature on goal orientation focuses mainly on the effects of goals on performance, findings from the current study advanced theoretical understanding of the goal orientation literature.


Melody Manchi Chao is an Associate Professor at the Department of Management and Associate Director of Undergraduate Studies at the School of Business and Management, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. She received her Ph.D. and M.A. degree in Social Psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign and B.A. degree in Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley. She is an accredited mediator and a certified swimming coach. Prior to pursuing her graduate degrees, she worked in a community-based mental health and substance abuse treatment agency in San Francisco. Her research interests include diversity, dispute resolution, and well-being. She currently serves on the editorial review boards of Personnel Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Management and Organization Review, Frontiers in Psychology, and Asian Journal of Social Psychology. She is a past winner of the Early Career Award from the International Academy of Intercultural Research, the Michael Harris Bond Award for Early Research Contributions from the Asian Association of Social Psychology, and the Seisoh Sukemune/Bruce Bain Encouragement of Early Career Research Award from the International Council of Psychologists.